Pericardial Mesothelioma is a very rare type of cancer caused due to asbestos. It develops around the outer lining of your heart and the only possible diagnosis is after an autopsy. Primarily there are 4 types of Mesothelioma- Pleural Mesothelioma, Peritoneal Mesothelioma, Pericardial Mesothelioma and Testicular Mesothelioma. Out of these four types of Mesothelioma, Pleural and Peritoneal are the most common type of Mesothelioma, whereas the other is the rarest type.
Treatment for Pericardial Mesothelioma:
Because of the rarity of the disease, the treatments are not yet fully developed. However, some common treatments for Pericardial Mesothelioma include:
Pericardiectomy: The growth of tumor in the pericardium leads to irritation. With the help of Pericardiectomy, the pericardium is removed either completely or partially. Such procedures are performed to stop the recurring symptoms of Pericardial Mesothelioma.
Chemotherapy: The growth of the tumor is at a very fast rate, once it has reached extreme levels. With the help of Chemotherapy, the growth of the tumor can be slowed down to an extent.
Pericardiocentesis: The pressure caused by pericardial effusions can be reduced with the help of Pericardiocentesis.
Pericardial Mesothelioma Symptoms :
The initial stage of Mesothelioma gives no such prompt symptoms. Most of the patients of Mesothelioma get to know about it when it is at an extreme stage.
The following are the symptoms of Pericardial Mesothelioma:
- Difficult in breathing, even when taking rest
- Shortness of breath
- Irregular heartbeat
If you find any of the above symptoms, you should immediately go for a doctor visit. Possibly the doctor will do some Mesothelioma x-ray, CT scans to confirm.
How Is Pericardial Mesothelioma Diagnosed?
The diagnosis of Pericardial Mesothelioma is performed by doing an overall assessment of your medical history, symptoms, and present medical condition.
Next step is to find the location of the tumor and for this imaging tests and biopsy and physical examinations are done. This also confirms if the tumor is cancerous or not.
Prognosis for Pericardial Mesothelioma:
The prognosis of all types Mesothelioma are worse and so the same is the case with Pericardial Mesothelioma. The survival period of Pericardial Mesothelioma is about 6 months.
But there is evidence of patients with Pericardial Mesothelioma surviving for more than a year (though very rare).
Factors affecting the prognosis of Pericardial Mesothelioma:
- Gender of the patient
- Type of cells
- Size of tumor
- Staging of tumor